Radiocarbon dating of papyrus cosmogenic dating basalt
Speaking at a press conference in Jerusalem with IAA officials on Wednesday, Israel Prize-winning Biblical scholar Shmuel Ahituv said the mention of a “female servant of the king” sending the wineskins to “Yerushalem,” indicated that it was sent by a prominent woman to the capital.Ahituv also said it was significant that the text features the “Yerushalem” spelling of the city’s name that is more commonly found in the Bible.Additionally, with works of art on paper, we do not often have an expendable sample for this type of analysis.Unlike the Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy described in the two previous posts which require no sample and were used to investigate pigments and adhesives used on the papyrus, C-14 dating requires a sample from the object, usually about 5 mg, which is destroyed during testing.
Carbon-14 (C-14) dating was one of the first scientific analytical techniques that we employed to confirm the date for this piece, thought to be approximately 1420 B. C-14 dating requires that the material in question be at least 2,000 years old (and up to 50,000 years old) to get a result with a significant certainty. The text received widespread attention when first publicized in 2012 for the implication that some early Christians believed that Jesus was married. Jesus said to them, "My wife..is able to be my disciple... The next two lines of this side feature illegible ink traces.The fragment was first presented by Harvard Divinity School Professor Karen L. The fragment is rectangular, approximately 4 by 8 centimetres (1.6 in × 3.1 in).Since its first use in the 1940s radiocarbon dating has been the most accurate method of dating ancient objects and artifacts.Radiocarbon, present in living organisms, decays at a constant rate in dead tissue.