Dating of rock art in southern america
The inland trading empires that produced them, such as that of the S hona, the builders of Great Zimbabwe, were supported by the Indian Ocean gold trade. University of Cape Town Collection at the South African Museum, Cape Town.
Lydenburg Head Eastern Transvaal, South Africa, ca. The exceptional find of terra-cotta heads at Lydenburg in the eastern Transvaal are the earliest-known sculptures from southern Africa.
Very few rock art sites offer thematic indicators of their age, such as the depiction of extinct animals, or the portrayal of diagnostic artifacts which forms the basis for identifying historic period rock art (for example the portrayal of wagons, people wearing cowboy hats and riding horses, etc.).
Most sites can not be convincingly dated from a consideration of the imagery represented and so a means of directly dating rock art by scientific methods is the subject of intense research.
Nevada rock art is found in a wide variety of landscapes and locations throughout the state.
Few sites in Nevada provide clear contextual indications of their date of production and period of use, such as stratigraphic superimposition by datable materials.
Rock art can also take the form of geoglyphs (large ground figures made by piling up rocks into patterns) and intaglios (large ground figures made into patterns by scraping the surface of the ground away).
The earliest figurative paintings in Europe date back to the Aurignacian period, approximately 30,000 to 32,000 years ago, and are found in the Chauvet Cave in France, and in the Coliboaia Cave in Romania.Humans mainly appear as images of hands, mostly hand stencils made by blowing pigment on a hand held to the wall.The earliest known cave paintings/drawings of animals are at least 35,000 years old and are found in Pettakere cave on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia, according to datings announced in 2014.The best-known arts of southern Africa are the rock paintings and engravings that were produced by the San peoples and are found mostly in the eastern mountainous regions.Many of the sites where such paintings and engravings appear show evidence of use over long periods of time, suggesting that they had ritual significance, such as healing ceremonies or for attracting game animals or rain.